G-computation and doubly robust standardisation for continuous-time data: A comparison with inverse probability weighting


In time-to-event settings, g-computation and doubly robust estimators are based on discrete-time data. However, many biological processes are evolving continuously over time. In this paper, we extend the g-computation and the doubly robust standardisation procedures to a continuous-time context. We compare their performance to the well-known inverse-probability-weighting estimator for the estimation of the hazard ratio and restricted mean survival times difference, using a simulation study. Under a correct model specification, all methods are unbiased, but g-computation and the doubly robust standardisation are more efficient than inverse-probability-weighting. We also analyse two real-world datasets to illustrate the practical implementation of these approaches. We have updated the R package RISCA to facilitate the use of these methods and their dissemination.

Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Arthur Chatton
Arthur Chatton
Postdoctoral researcher in Biostatistics

My research interests include causal inference, prediction and simulation studies.